Implicit Bias

Davidson, Lacey J. Forthcoming. Category Matters: The Interlocking Epistemic and Moral Costs of Implicit Bias. Teoria.

In this paper I reject the claim—made both by Tamar Szabo Gendler in On the Epistemic Costs of Implicit Bias and Jennifer Saul in Scepticism and Implicit Bias—that in order to be epistemically and morally responsible, social categories should not influence our evaluations of individuals or subsequent actions. I will provide evidence against the claim by denying its empirical plausibility, emphasizing the epistemic and moral benefits that may come from social categories, and reconceptualizing the inclusion of base-rate information. Throughout the paper I will emphasize the unique interlocking of epistemic and moral considerations that are relevant to implicit bias, bias mitigation, and responsibility. It is my hope that this analysis lays the groundwork for an account of the right ways social categories can affect our judgments, i.e. the ways in which such influence may improve our epistemic and moral situations rather than degrade them.

Epistemic Injustice

Satta, Mark and Lacey J. Davidson. Forthcoming. Epistemology and HIV Transmission: Privilege and Marginalization in the Dissemination of Knowledge. Making the Case: Feminist and Critical Race Theorists Investigate Case Studies, Nancy McHugh and Heidi Grasswick (Eds.), SUNY University Press.

This book chapter applies the expanding work on epistemic injustice to HIV transmission, sexual health conversations, and public health conversations. In the paper we argue that our current cultural notions of safe sex practices and the access and barriers to sexual health knowledge are fundamentally challenged by PARTNER (2014) and other recent studies regarding transmission and treatment of HIV. Consequently, we argue that communities must reconceptualize the nature of sexual education and the cultural conversation about HIV status—particularly as it pertains to the marginalized groups most affected by negative stigmas surrounding HIV. By utilizing several levels of case study—long-term scientific studies, intuition thought experiments, and qualitative community behavior studies—which target the same phenomenon, we both support our epistemological claims concerning sexual health and demonstrate the efficacy of case studies in philosophic questioning.

Davidson, L. and Kelly, D. 2015. Intuition, Judgment, and the Space Between: A Reply to Sherman. Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective, 4(11): 15 – 20.

This short response paper was written as a part of the Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective in response to Benjamin Sherman’s There’s No (Testimonial) Justice: Why Pursuit of a Virtue is Not the Solution to Epistemic Injustice.